How to Stay Alive in the Wilderness
Having some basic knowledge and skills when it comes to getting through emergency situations is great for all to have. Here we cover some basic concepts regarding wilderness survival specifically. This type of survival situation usually means that no other people are nearby, and the use and understanding of the environment around you are paramount to ultimately making it through alive. Let’s get started.
The Core Principles
When you’re suddenly thrust into a survival situation out in the wild, it’s easy and quite natural for many to become confused, panicked, disoriented, and even ill with emotion. The key to surviving is to overcome these primitive, psychological responses and begin to adapt and work with what you have. This said, there are three, core principles to keep in mind when it comes to your situation: staying calm, planning, and resource management.
Not staying calm will spell your doom quicker than nearly anything else. Relax, breathe, and know that there is a way through. Also, plan, and do so at every chance you get. Plan your food and water activities, plan shelter needs for tomorrow and the next day, and just keep looking to the next step. This is also extremely helpful in the psychological sense.
In addition, you will want to focus on resource management as much as possible. What, where, and how much of each resource is needed? Again, focusing on the three principles of calm, planning, and resource management will not only greatly heighten your chances of physical survival, but will also spare your mind of the dangers faced therein as well.
Physical Survival Elements
The aforementioned principles will form the basis for survival technique, but they won’t put food in your stomach or water to your lips. Let’s now move on to take a look at some physical elements that one will need to manage as well as a few pointers in doing so.
Building shelter is one of the best survival tips you can know. Without shelter, your chances quickly dwindle. While exerting as little energy as possible, look for a pre-made shelter that is absent of hazards – a secure but fallen tree and attached brush, a rocky outcrop, a hole in the ground. If no such pre-made options exist, begin building a lean-to with fallen lumber and scraps or even start digging a hole. Some way, find shelter before worrying about anything else.
Sometimes heat and fire are not immediately attainable. If you have common firemaking tools, that’s fantastic. If not, glass can magnify sun to a concentrated point which makes fire. Batteries can be shorted via a metal bridge, and even extreme friction can result in fire. In the absence of fire, it is extremely important to insulate yourself and stay dry as much as possible. Being able to make fire is one of the best survival tips you can know.
Injuries and infection can really halter your ultimate plans to survive. First, do everything you can to limit risk in these areas. Should you take on injury or infection, do all that you can to stabilize, cover, and keep the injury clean. Rosemary, mint, and pine all have antimicrobial properties while pieces of wood combined with vines, flexible growth, plastic and fabric can all be used in conjunction to rig some fair stabilization equipment.
Food and Water
We finally get to the all-important food and water. Gathering food requires knowledge of plants that must be attained beforehand. Hunting and fishing are more matters of building hunting tools or traps. The Bushcraft Field Guide to Trapping, Gathering, and Cooking in the Wild is one example of a great book that can really teach the finite details in these areas.
Water, if nearby or if in the form of fallen snow, is not such a worry. If not in obvious, ample supply, you must seek to gain and conserve it at every turn. A bag wrapped around tree foliage can gather condensation when it’s warm out. Digging in low areas can often lead to underground water. Again, a pre-gained knowledge of plants will also serve in finding water within these life forms when not available elsewhere.
Survival in any dire situation requires some common elements of mind and matter. Survival in the wilderness brings with it these challenges and then some. By keeping the above-mentioned concepts in mind, reading more literature on the matter, and even practicing in advance, your chances of survival will go up exponentially, and that is all we can truly ask for in such crucial times. For more great survival tips and videos, be sure to check out Skilled Survivor.
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